The title summarizes the conclusions of the theory exposed in this blog.

As we’ll see these considerations could get out also from a simple analysis of well known physical experimental phenomenon, typical of Quantum Mechanics, like the “double - slit” one. This experiment shows as an electromagnetic wave that overtakes the slits can generate, on a photographic plate, a picture of interference (undulating behaviour), or the simple projection of the slits (point/bullet behaviour).

But finally what, in reality, the photon is, a wave or a particle ? If it wouldn’t be a particle would not be appreciated phenomenon like “photoelectric effect”; if it wouldn’t be a wave would not be explained effects like all geometrical optics, interferences and diffractions. The answer to this fundamental question is a basic Quantum Mechanics principle: particles are wave too. Mathematically Schroedinger’s equation describes the phenomenon. Its partial second order derivates make it too much similar to the normal equations of continuous undulating systems. But when we impose bonds like perturbations or potential hole ( that is , in fact, that particle/wave feels the “influence” of a detector/observer), the going on of the wave function changes and this one “collapses” in a solution or “auto status”, showing the quantum, no more continuous, aspect of the particle. Not only photons : also electrons and all the other particles like protons, neutrons and, to say all, ourselves and macroscopic bodies have a wave function associated, but as much the body is great as less undulating aspect is evident. So it happens that an elementary particle can, due to undulating aspect and small dimensions, get out from a potential hole by “tunnel effect” where as we, bigger ones, have too much less probabilities to pass through a mountain due to the same effect. But attention : less probability not zero probability ! This one it’s also the meaning of Heisemberg’s uncertainty principle. The impossibility to divide perfectly impulse and position of a particle would mean that is impossible separate completely one of the two aspects, wave and particle, from the other.

In the Marius gravitational theory elementary particles of Standard Model, as the same physical space, are made up by waves with different frequencies and sizes of the oscillations. So do not exist defined boundaries between particles, but only stable states of matter that theoretic physics describes with quantum models.

Stefano Gusman

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